Moses Cohen Henriques was a pirate who, in 1628, along with Admiral Piet Hein of the Dutch West Indiana Co., pulled off a massive gold and silver heist from the Spanish. The two raided Spanish ships off the Cuban coast and seized the gold and silver that was destined for the New World.
Soon after, Henriques led a Jewish contingent to Brazil where he established his own pirate island. After Brazil's recapture by Portugal in 1654, Moses became an advisor to Henry Morgan, perhaps the most famous pirate of all. He was never caught and prosecuted for his crimes.
See also: Sinan "The Great Jew"